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Marine debris with special reference to  Plastic waste and it’s relation to discovery of Microplastics (nano particles) found in human Blood:  a comprehensive review

Vinita Prajapati


Global concern has grown over the growing number of marine debris, especially plastic garbage, in our oceans. Understanding the degree of plastic waste contamination in marine habitats, the routes through which microplastics enter the bloodstream of humans, and any potential health effects are necessary. This study investigates the sources and buildup of plastic debris in marine ecosystems by a thorough analysis of the literature. The routes by which these microplastics enter the human body are given special consideration, including ingestion through tainted seafood, inhalation of airborne particles, and cutaneous absorption, the potential for tissue damage and inflammation caused by microplastics as transporters for harmful substances. In addition, it explores the potential for bioaccumulation and biomagnification in the food chain, as well as the long-term impacts of microplastics on human health. The results of this study highlight the urgent need for action to reduce the potential health concerns brought on by exposure to microplastics and address plastic waste pollution. The report emphasises the significance of establishing efficient waste management techniques, encouraging recycling programmes, and adopting sustainable practices to reduce plastic usage.

Keywords: Marine debris, Plastic waste, Microplastics, Human blood, Nanoparticles etc.

Posted in Volume 5, Issue No. 1 (January-March 2023)

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